Microsoft is one of the biggest tech companies out there, with one of the better interview experiences you’ll encounter. It looks amazing on the resume and can open doors previously closed.
To help you out in getting hired at Microsoft, we’ve gathered information about the Microsoft hiring process from current and former Microsoft employees in technical roles. They’ve given us valuable tips about the way Microsoft chooses its candidates and how its interview process works.
With this step-by-step guide from applying to getting an offer, you’ll see exactly what is needed to get hired at this tech giant, how to prepare, and what to pay attention to.
How Hard Is It to Get a Job at Microsoft?
Being one of the biggest tech companies out there, it’s not easy, but it’s not as difficult as some people believe. In the last few years, more and more people are reporting average and easier interviews than just 3 or 4 years ago.
Whether it’s because there are more resources out there to prepare, or because people who report this are the ones who got accepted, it’s difficult to tell. One thing is for sure – you can increase your chances by preparing for the interviews, as well as optimizing your resume, and knowing what to expect.
What kind of employees is Microsoft looking for?
Microsoft is looking for candidates with an inclination towards technology, a strong desire to learn, good technical skills, and high intelligence. Nothing surprising there, Microsoft is looking for the best of the best, but not necessarily. They also want you to have decent soft skills, and to fit in the team.
What skills and qualifications does Microsoft value the most?
Degrees highly valued by Microsoft include Software Engineering, Computer Science, Data Science, and Computer Engineering. Additionally, popular degrees at Microsoft also include degrees in Business Administration, law, business, math, and cybersecurity degrees.
Even though it’s one of the metrics, your GPA won’t matter much at Microsoft, so there’s no need to worry about that. Furthermore, it’s also possible to land a job without a degree, but only for entry-level jobs.
How hard is it to land an interview at Microsoft?
Considering Microsoft is one of the largest tech giants, getting an interview at Microsoft is an achievement in itself. Meaning, it’s not easy. Difficulty in getting an interview depends on various factors:
- whether you have a referral on the inside,
- whether you know the hiring manager personally,
- your relevant experiences,
- and how well you crafted your resume.
How Long Does It Take To Get Hired at Microsoft?
Microsoft recruitment process takes about 4 to 6 weeks on average to finish, and this includes everything from sending in your resume to finalizing a job offer. However, since Microsoft is a huge corporation with many different parts and hiring teams, your times may vary.
Applying at Microsoft
The application process at Microsoft begins by sending in your resume to be processed by Microsoft HR. The time for your application to get processed can vary from a few weeks to a few months, with a 90-day limit to hear back in the form of a rejection email, or by setting up an assessment test or a phone screen.
A decent portion of Microsoft applicants go either through a recruiter or have a referral on the inside. This doesn’t guarantee a job, but if you know someone it can’t hurt to ask. Referral can sometimes get you an interview, which means getting your foot at the door.
Personal introductions are the best, and if you can get in contact with the hiring manager directly, it’s a huge thing. If your recruiter or a referral knows the hiring manager, then the best thing you can do is to get them to introduce you. Then, when applying, send either a cover letter or an introduction email to the hiring manager.
A cover letter is not usually needed for Microsoft, because most of them get skipped. However, there may be a few reasons why you might include a cover letter, for example, if you know there’s a high chance it might be read by the hiring manager, or you can include supplemental information that is relevant.
Microsoft job positions
Microsoft is a huge company, with many different parts needing all kinds of employees, with a wide range of skills and experiences. We’ll focus on those looking for technical roles, so here are some of the common technical positions at Microsoft:
- Software Engineer
- Product Manager
- Data Scientist
- Cloud Solutions Architect
- Technical Support Engineer
- Datacenter Technician (entry-level)
- Software Analyst (entry-level)
While these are often encountered when looking for Microsoft job opening, there are dozens of different roles you can apply for, from entry-level to senior levels. You can check out Microsoft jobs by profession, by location, or simply by typing in the field on the Microsoft Careers page.
For the main technical roles, there are two tracks and 24 job levels at Microsoft.
The two tracks are the Technical track and the Management track. For each of these tracks, the job level starts at 57 and continues up to 80. The lowest levels are for interns and trainees, and the highest ones are for the most experienced professionals.
For these tracks, Microsoft has three main technical disciplines: Software Development Engineer (SDE), Software Development Engineer in Test (SDET), and Product Manager (PM). All three paths have similar levels, presented below.
Here are what Microsoft levels look like:
|Level||Job Title||Average Experience||Average Base Salary|
|58||Contractor||Varies by role||$50-100k|
|59 – 60||SDE, SDET, PM||0 to 2 years||$110-120k|
|61 – 62||SDE 2, SDET 2, PM 2||2 to 5 years||$135-150k|
|63 – 64||Senior SDE/SDET/PM||6+ years||$160-190k|
|65 – 67||Principal SDE/SDET/PM||10+ years||$200-240k|
|68 – 69||Partner SDE/SDET/PM||14+ years||$250-300k|
|70 – 79||Vice President, |
|80||Technical Fellow||25+ years||$400-450k|
Most graduates start at level 59, while the lower levels (57-58) are generally used only for technical trainees and employees with unusual backgrounds. Some graduates (often masters students) can start at level 60, which is equivalent to 6 months to 1 year of experience.
Other technical positions such as operations, research, or customer support all have their own levels, but their levels vary across product groups.
You should try to apply for those levels you are most suited for based on your skills, and qualifications. You may also be able to negotiate to start at a higher level, basically guaranteeing a higher base salary.
Microsoft offers a lot of internship opportunities for students.
By interning at Microsoft you’ll get the chance to learn from some of the most talented people in the tech industry, as well as the most experienced ones.
There are several ways you can get a Microsoft internship. You can apply directly for their internship openings, or you can try one of their programs. The main one is Microsoft Explore, a 12-week summer internship program, and the other is Microsoft Aspire, a two-year learning experience at Microsoft for recent graduates.
The easiest way to get an internship at Microsoft is to go to a school or University from which Microsoft regularly recruits, such as the University of Washington or the University of Illinois, or Carnegie Mellon University.
Microsoft resume tips
Whichever way you choose to apply at Microsoft, you should first improve your resume. Here’s what Microsoft hiring managers prefer:
- have a simple and clean layout that’s easy to scan
- avoid listing too many of your skills
- focus on those skills that are relevant to the job
- include keywords from the job description
- quantify your impact on the previous jobs
You may think your resume is fine, but there are many things you can do to optimize your resume for Microsoft and increase your chances significantly.
Microsoft Interview Process
Microsoft interview process includes 4 to 5 interviews total, including the screening test, and behavioral and technical interviews. The entire interview process lasts several weeks but can be finished in less, depending on the job level, HR speed, and urgency to fill the role.
Microsoft interview process for a technical position includes:
- An assessment test (Codility or phone screen)
- Behavioral interview (virtual, 1 round)
- Technical Interview (virtual, 2-4 rounds)
- Final ‘As Appropriate’ Interview
The interview process is more difficult than average for a big tech company. A survey from Comparably from a few years back showed that the majority of applicants describe the process as either ‘average’ or ‘difficult’, no one described it as ‘very easy’, and very few described it as ‘easy’.
However, since then, the interview process difficulty at Microsoft seems to have dropped:
Most asked online assessment/phone screen questions
Based on our research for the phone screening test, the most asked questions are:
- Tell me about yourself
- Why Microsoft?
- Do you have a favorite Microsoft product?
- Specific question from your experience
- for technical roles: possibly an easy to medium LeetCode question
To prepare for the screening test, check out our article on the phone screening test questions to understand this part in more detail.
Most asked behavioral interview questions
From the research we’ve done about Microsoft behavioral questions, we’ve gathered the most asked Microsoft behavioral questions:
- Tell me about yourself
- Why Microsoft
- Tell me of a time when you had a conflict at work
- Tell me of a time when you had to change someone’s mind
- Tell me of a time when you disagreed with someone at work
- Tell me of a time when you made a mistake
- When you took a risk at work
Some people might be asking what’s a good way to introduce yourself in the Microsoft interview. One of the good ways is to mention your career path briefly, and then highlight your past skills and experience that emphasize your strengths that match the job description.
To prepare for this part of the interview process, be sure to check out our article on Microsoft behavioral questions and tips on how to prepare for them.
Most asked technical interview questions
During Microsoft technical interviews, you might get list trees, strings, dynamic programming, sorting, searching, backtracking, and all kinds of questions, but the major part of preparation is studying the LeetCode problems.
Here are the top 15 most asked Microsoft technical interview questions from LeetCode:
|Number of Islands||Medium|
|Add Two Numbers||Medium|
|Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters||Medium|
|Median of Two Sorted Arrays||Hard|
|Longest Palindromic Substring||Medium|
|Letter Combinations of a Phone Number||Medium|
|Search in Rotated Sorted Array||Medium|
|Best Time to Buy and Sell Stock||Easy|
All of these problems can be found on YouTube to be understood better. For example, here’s the Number of islands solution:
In order to pass the technical interview, check out our article about tips for the Microsoft technical interview. You’ll get more insights into what to do, and a lot of useful tips to increase your chances of cracking the coding interview.
How to pass Microsoft interviews?
Preparing for the virtual interview involves a lot of things, from installing the app to testing your setup (it’s virtual), and knowing what to do and what not to do. For example, whether you can cheat or type on the keyboard as you’re solving your technical questions.
Microsoft suggests the following tips before and while interviewing:
- If you’re interviewing online, test your setup ahead of time.
- Improve your resume, and review it so you know what’s written in it
- Don’t overdress, be yourself, and be comfortable
- Share your thought process as you answer or solve technical problems
- Try to use the STAR(R) model when answering questions. This helps you create a structure during responses.
- Create a vision where you want to grow within Microsoft, and share it with interviewers
- Learn about the role you’re applying for, as well as about Microsoft
- Present yourself as a team player who’s not afraid to ask questions, but don’t overdo it. Pestering the interviewer to reduce the time they have will not get you hired.
Preparation is half the battle. If you take the time to review these steps and genuinely apply yourself and prepare, you’ll increase your chances tremendously, and you’ll make it easier for yourself to go through the entire process. You’ll reduce stress, and you’ll be ready.
How long to hear back?
Typically, if they decide to extend you an offer, you should get one in one to two weeks at most, sometimes only a few days after. Sometimes, you might get an offer on your last interview at Microsoft, or your last roll-out meeting if interning. They might even ask for numbers, but this is a trap.
Job Offer and Background Check
Whether you’re getting an offer after an internship or regularly applying for a full-time position, you should try to prepare for when the offer comes. First things first, never tell them your salary before they make you an offer. You can show how you’re excited, but try not to show your cards.
Your initial offer may consist of these parts:
- Base Salary
- Initial Equity
- Sign-on Bonus
- Performance Bonus (optional)
General advice is to try to avoid accepting an offer on the spot. Unless you’ve already told them what you’ll accept or what your price is, which is not a good thing to do, you should avoid settling on anything on the spot. Even making them a counteroffer on the spot is typically a bad move.
Even saying how their offer sounds great puts you in a bad spot, because you’re making commitments before you should. The best thing to do for most people is to say as few specifics as possible during the meeting (or a phone call), say that you need to discuss with friends and family and that you have other options.
Microsoft’s background check
Once the conditional offer is made, Microsoft will start its pre-employment screening checks which usually take 1 to 2 weeks to complete. The screening check includes the SSN check (or confirmation of identity), criminal history, education, employment, and global sanctions and enforcement check.
There’s also a cloud background check for those providing online services in the United States for Microsoft. This one is very similar to what is already done, and you may be periodically rescreened for increased security.